The Site Author

Author: Andrew Gunner


  • BSc. Hons. Applied Maths,
  • Social Work BSW,
  • MSW by research.


  • worked briefly at the Bureau of Meteorology; my applied maths qualified me to become a climate scientist,
  • worked in a geophysics research team in Antarctic waters on a ship, the USNS Eltanin,
  • worked for a petrol company and a petrochemical company for 20 years as an operations researcher, using maths and computers to guide decision-making,
  • demonstrated from a rubber raft during the Franklin River Blockade,
  • studied social work,
  • worked as a counsellor for 17 years, including ten years as an addiction counsellor, working with problem gamblers,
  • completed a master’s degree by research into the way I worked with clients,
  • article published in the Australian & New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy,
  • volunteered for a climate-solutions think tank, and
  • developed this website, starting in 2009.

Gunner (2002). “Problem gambling development and recovery: A reflective counsellor’s practical construction based on feedback”. (Unpublished master’s thesis). The University of Melbourne.

Gunner (2006), “Feedback Loops in Clinical Practice: An Integrative Framework”. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, September 2006, Volume 27, Number 3, Pages 143-152.

Site Purpose

  • Urge action on climate change, and
  • present “amplifying feedback” as a tool for understanding climate change and as a general organising principle.

Amplifying feedback in problem development

As a counsellor, I sometimes talked to clients about how their attempts to escape from difficulties actually increased those difficulties. For example, a woman could:

  • have problems in her marriage,
  • escape to the pokies for a safe, peaceful time out and distraction, leading to
  • money losses, which
  • exacerbated problems in her marriage, which led to more gambling.

A vicious cycle like this tends to escalate the relationship problems, the gambling, and the gambling losses.

More escape to gambling More gambling losses
More relationship problems*

People can get stuck in escalating compulsive habits like this. This approach uses the “systems theory” concept of “amplifying feedback”, and I completed a master’s degree by researching this way of counselling.

Amplifying feedback in climate change

Amplifying feedback is also a critical part of climate change, so this site describes some feedback loops that threaten our liveable climate, e.g., the permafrost feedback cycle:

Higher global temperatures More melting of permafrost
More greenhouse gasesMore CO2 and methane in the atmosphere

Amplifying feedback in recovery

Understanding the vicious feedback loops that tend to escalate a problem is a diagnosis and can be helpful. (The problem can be problem gambling or global heating.) However, the critical task is to tackle the problem by fostering virtuous feedback loops that can produce hope and drive recovery. So, this site emphasises vision, progress, and benefits, a trio that can form a self-reinforcing causal cycle:

More commitment to the vision*
More benefitsMore progress toward the vision

While this dynamic is dominant, (1) more commitment to a vision leads to (2) more progress toward the vision, leading to (3) more benefits that lead to (4) an increased commitment.

The site name: Feedback Reigns

The broad relevance of feedback to climate change, human functioning, and more led to this website’s name: “feedback reigns”.


To contact me, please see the Contact Page.

If you have constructive comments about this site, please let me know.

Distributing this information

If you find this web page useful, consider letting others know about it, e.g., via social media.

You can republish, adapt or translate the content of this site by including a reference to this site.

Updated 15 June 2021

One Reply to “About”

  1. Andrew – thank you for your efforts. There is a lot of highly useful information here and, having just discovered your site, I will, I’m sure, become a regular visitor.


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